AK
Dr. Amit KalariaEmergency Medicine

What to do when your blood sugar is high?

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High blood glucose, also known as hyperglycemia, is a marker for diabetes.
Symptoms of high blood sugar includes fatigue, blurry vision, frequent urination, and in severe cases, coma. Over time, high blood sugars can lead to damage of organs and tissues.
A randomly taken glucose level over 200 mg/dl is defined as elevated and would require further fasting tests to diagnose diabetes.
In the event your glucose is high AND you are an insulin dependent diabetic, follow the sliding scale given to you by your doctor to take extra insulin. Frequent glucose checks will be needed to ensure you don’t become hypoglycemic.
Regular exercise is very effective in regulating your sugars. It also contributes to weight loss which can prevent diabetes. Adjusting your diet to reduce sugars will also be useful and speaking with a dietician is recommended.
Monitoring your sugars and keeping a log to share with your doctor is also important so medication treatment can be initiated or adjusted as necessary.
If a person has severe symptoms such as confusion or decreased responsiveness, call 911 immediately to be taken to the ER for treatment as this may be a life threatening coma state.