A mastectomy is surgery to remove the breast usually it is done to treat breast cancer but it can also be done to prevent breast cancer.
Unfortunately, even women that have had a mastectomy can still develop breast cancer.
Types of mastectomy include a total or simple mastectomy, a skin sparing mastectomy, a nipple-areolar sparing mastectomy, and a modified radical mastectomy.
A total or simple mastectomy is the removal of the nipple and areola as well as skin and underlying breast tissue. No immediate reconstruction s done with this type of surgery.
A skin sparing mastectomy is the removal of the nipple and areola with the underlying breast tissue but preserving a signify the amount of breast skin. Immediate reconstruction is done for these surgeries.
A nipple-areolar sparing mastectomy is the removal of the underlying breast tissue but preserving all of the breast skin, including the nipple and areola. Immediate reconstruction is done for these surgeries.
A modified radical mastectomy is the removal of the breast, most of the lymph nodes under the arm, and the lining over the chest muscles.
Which surgery you have depends on the stage of cancer, size of the tumor, size of the breast, number of lymph nodes involved and patient preference. Talk with your breast surgeon about which option is best for you.