AK
Dr. Amit KalariaEmergency Medicine

Hypertension

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High blood pressure is one of the leading causes of heart disease, stroke, kidney disease and death in the United States. It is defined by blood pressure greater than 130/80.
When the heart beats, it pushes blood through blood vessels to circulate the blood to your organs
High blood pressure causes the heart work harder and damages the blood vessels. As the blood vessels get injured, cholesterol starts to accumulate in these areas which causes the blood vessels to get narrower
Hypertension can lead to stroke, heart attack, heart failure, and kidney damage among other things
Because there are no symptoms at first, hypertension is sometimes referred to as a “silent killer”. Risk factors including being overweight, using tobacco and alcohol, and stress
Your doctor may recommend a combination of lifestyle changes and medications to help lower your blood pressure. 
Keeping track of your blood pressure at home with a blood pressure monitor is also recommended. Sharing this information with your physician will help ensure that your treatments are adjusted to be as effective as possible