SI
Dr. Sreesh IyengarNephrology

Common causes of kidney disease

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Diabetes is the most common cause of kidney problems we encounter. The average time from onset of diabetes to initial decline in kidney function is 15 years. 
Second most common cause of kidney disease is uncontrolled high blood pressure.  Limiting salt intake and regular exercise leads to weight loss that can decrease blood pressure.
 Regular use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs should be avoided after the age of 65 add this can lead to chronic kidney problems.
Decline in kidney function is a normal phenomenon of aging, losing approximately 0.8% per year after age 35. 
Adequate hydration of 2 liters per day is recommended for maintaining healthy kidneys. This amount may be increased or decreased depending on other medical problems you may have. 
If you have any abnormalities in your kidney function it is always best to get evaluated by a kidney specialist.