AK
Dr. Amit KalariaEmergency Medicine

Acute Mountain Sickness

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Acute mountain sickness is a form of altitude sickness which is caused by low levels of oxygen at high elevation. It is typically caused by rapid ascent without giving the body the opportunity to adjust to the altitude
While it can occur at lower altitudes, typically it occurs above 8000 feet. Symptoms include headache vomiting dizziness and extreme fatigue.
Prevention is accomplished by gradually climbing elevation with the recommendation of no more than 1000 feet per day.
Treatment includes descending to a lower altitude and providing hydration to allow the body to acclimate. In certain cases, steroids and other medications maybe useful. In severe cases patients may need supplemental oxygen and even hyperbaric treatment.